Recreation and Sport Studies

Studying, Experiencing and Facilitating Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport through Wellness and Physical Activity

Examining Sport-Related Concussions

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Discussion question:

Why do you feel that parents avoid enrolling their children in sport? Do you feel concussions play a role? Why?

Syd concussion

 

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Concussions date back to 400 BC where there is evidence of the first documented head tramua. Concussions may be caused by direct blow to the head, indirect contact to else where to the body that causes the head to come into contact with another object. For example a body check that causes the head to come in contact with another object. For example the boards, glass, or another player. Concussions can also arise from contact that causes a “whiplash” effect where the brain rapidly moves and contacts various portions of the skull. Lastly the onset of a concussion can arise from no external contact but rather a “slip and fall” where the individuals cranium comes in contact with the ground. The following link will showcase how one can sustain a concussion.

http://cdn.agilitycms.com/hockey-canada/Hockey-Programs/Safety/Concussion/Infographic/english.html

A concussion is a brain injury and is defined as a complex pathophysiological process affecting the brain, induced by biomechanical forces. A concussion typically results in the rapid onset of short-lived impairment of neurological functionthat resolves spontaneously. However, in some cases, symptoms and signs may evolve over a number of minutes to hours (Zurich, 2013)

Concussion results in a graded set of clinical symptoms that may or may not involve loss of consciousness, Headache, difficulty in making decisions, nausea, and fatigue.

Concussions may have an impact to RSS when looking at resistance to play, and delivery safe play. Concussions and their prevelance in sport may cause fear in parents in enrolling thier children in sport. It is important to educate Coaches and parents not only how to identify and treat concussions, but also to teach safe practices within the sport they play.

The best form of prevention is awareness and education. Through implementing safe play practices, learning fundamentals, promoting ethical play through following the rulesof the sport that the athlete or participant is enrolled within.

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General knowledge about concussion:

Emergency department practitioners return to play

7% same day

31% One day later

27% In one week following no symptoms

12% Use the Return to Play Guidelines RTP

The return to play guidelines  include 6 stages in guiding the participant back to play

1. No activity

2. light aerobic exercise – walking, swimming, cycling

3. Sport-specific exercise – Running drills specific to sport or skating drills

4. Non-contact training drills – can start resistance training

5. Full-contact practice – medical clearance required practice with team in normal setting

6. Return to play – participate in full contact sport against an opponent

On average the majority of people (80-90%) recover within 7-10 using the RTP guideline. Children and adolescents take longer to recover.Children can take twice as long to recover. Children typically spend (10-14) days to recover from a concussion using the RTP guidelines. Of people that sustain a concussion 10-15% will have symptoms that return and persist after the typical recovery time.

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Recreation life after a concussion ending career for minor recreational sports. The link below shows that the enjoyment of recreation and sport can still be enjoyed by those that may have suffred a career ending injury due to concussion(s).

žhttp://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/ottawa/minor-hockey-players-reflect-on-career-ending-concussions-1.1373781

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