Recreation and Sport Studies

Studying, Experiencing and Facilitating Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport through Wellness and Physical Activity


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Exercise as an Aid for ADHD

With the prevalence of ADHD diagnoses and the questionable side effects of medications, what effects does exercise have on kids in the classroom for learning and implementation?  Rather than force a “be quiet” strategy to those with ADHD, ultimately setting kids up to become discouraged and frustrated, the exercise focus promotes physical literacy and understanding to the public about managing ADHD. Total inclusion of everyone allows the kids an opportunity to succeed and encourages mental wellness and health related quality of life.

What is ADHD, first of all? According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Ed. (DSM-5): “ADHD is characterized by a pattern of behavior, present in multiple settings (e.g., school and home), that can result in performance issues in social, educational, or work settings. As in DSM-IV, symptoms will be divided into two categories of inattention and hyperactivity and impulsiveness that include behaviors like failure to pay close attention to details, difficulty organizing tasks and activities, excessive talking, fidgeting, or an inability to remain seated in appropriate situations”.

Statistically, for kids ages 4-17, approximately 11% (6.4 million) in the United States have been diagnosed with ADHD as of 2011.  In Canada, it’s 5% of kids who are diagnosed with ADHD.

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Kin 6300 Discussion – Inventing team tradition: A conceptual model for the strategic development of fan Nations

This past October the 14th our KIN 6300 class took a look at Sport Marketing, Focusing in the Invention of team tradition and the process to build Fan Nations. There has been ground breaking development in technology that has allowed teams to expand their horizons toward a much bigger source of supporters. Now teams do not need to just focus on local fans but could go out and attract fans world-wide.

1) Build a Fan Nation

1.1) Why are Fan Nations formed?

The first step here is to understand why these Nations are formed. Among the most common answers inside the literature is that members look for a sense of belonging. Since Life itself is growing distant, and social touch is reduced as time passes by. The membership to a group helps to fill that void.

1.2) What is a Fan Nation

After mentioning some reasons for Nations to form, we could continue to define what a fan Nation is. According to Benedict Anderson (2006), all nations are in fact imagined communities, because most of the members will never meet but in the minds of each one, lives the image of their communion. Sport fans comprise a nation because they share a common image of what it means to be a fan

Continuing on the subject of fandom, sports marketer and researchers have developed stages of classification for sports consumer that go like this:

1- Awareness: A person can not be a fan if said person doesn´t know that the team exists.

2- Attraction: The moment a person decides certain team is their favorite.

3- Attachment: When the team is psychologically meaningful to the fan.

4- Allegiance: Commitment reaches to a level in which it affects their cognition. (Completely devoted)

2) Invention of tradition

Is the method through which a team can create cohesiveness among the community resulting in a ritual that could bring the community together to support the team.

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KIN 6300 discussion: What is Leisure?

Leisure, as defined by my peers, means many different things. It can be a state of mind or simply being in the moment. It can be classified as unstructured play or just being relaxed. It can be self-expression or having freedom and choice. Leisure meant something different to each one of us — what does it mean to you?

Past research describes leisure as a personal experience. There is a focus on choice and freedom, which can reinforce the emphasis on individual benefits. There are also certain perspectives of leisure that are connected to the process of development and change. Social, economical and political factors can determine whether individuals are controlled or empowered, liberated or repressed, in regards to their leisure. Leisure activities, defined by the participant, allow individuals to feel intrinsically rewarded through directed action. This attitude they experience is either a temporary feeling or a way of life.

Essentially, there is one common theme that emerged in past definitions of leisure and activities: it is completely and totally individualized for the participant.

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Female students in a Physical Education Setting: How Comfortable Are They in the Gym?

As a graduating undergraduate in RSS, an article I would like recommend reading is:

Couturier, L. E., Chepko, S., & Coughlin, M. (2007). Whose Gym Is It? Gendered Perspectives on Middle and Secondary School Physical Education.Physical Education,64(3), 152-158.

For a majority of RSS students and grads being involved in physical activity is something that we are all generally interested in and enjoy taking part in. Unfortunately this is not the case for all students going through school whether at a middle or high school level. This in particular is even more a problem among young girls in physical education classes. This paper focused on the differences between male and female youth participating in physical education classes in the U.S. They found their results by giving out 7000 copies of a survey they generated through trial studies.

Unlike males, as females get older they tend to become less interested in physical education. They determined that this was due to some physiological, psychological and sociological reasons. Using the survey they determined that the girls in these schools were less likely to want to participate in physical education classes because they were not comfortable changing in front of others in the lockeroom, they didn’t want to get sweaty before their next class, and they didn’t think they were good enough at the sports being offered in class therefore were less likely to have fun or participate.

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