Recreation and Sport Studies

Studying, Experiencing and Facilitating Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport through Wellness and Physical Activity

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Exercise as an Aid for ADHD

With the prevalence of ADHD diagnoses and the questionable side effects of medications, what effects does exercise have on kids in the classroom for learning and implementation?  Rather than force a “be quiet” strategy to those with ADHD, ultimately setting kids up to become discouraged and frustrated, the exercise focus promotes physical literacy and understanding to the public about managing ADHD. Total inclusion of everyone allows the kids an opportunity to succeed and encourages mental wellness and health related quality of life.

What is ADHD, first of all? According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Ed. (DSM-5): “ADHD is characterized by a pattern of behavior, present in multiple settings (e.g., school and home), that can result in performance issues in social, educational, or work settings. As in DSM-IV, symptoms will be divided into two categories of inattention and hyperactivity and impulsiveness that include behaviors like failure to pay close attention to details, difficulty organizing tasks and activities, excessive talking, fidgeting, or an inability to remain seated in appropriate situations”.

Statistically, for kids ages 4-17, approximately 11% (6.4 million) in the United States have been diagnosed with ADHD as of 2011.  In Canada, it’s 5% of kids who are diagnosed with ADHD.

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Sport Plan New Brunswick: A Policy Review


The Sport Plan for New Brunswick was developed in 2008 in collaboration of a Steering Committee, co-chaired by the Department of Wellness, Culture and Sport and Sport New Brunswick. In addition the committee held representatives of the Canadian Sport Center Atlantic, Center for Coaching Education and Recreation New Brunswick. Continue reading

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Bidding for the Olympics: Is it really Beneficial?


On July 6th, 2005, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) voted at a meeting in Singapore, and awarded London with the 2012 Summer Olympics Games. On July 27th 2012, London held their Opening Ceremonies, finally showcasing what they had been planning for the past seven years. Seven years is an extremely long time to be planning, and lots of things can happen in that span. The crazy part? For a city to win the right to host the Olympics, their bidding process can start up to 10 years before the Olympics actually begin. What’s even crazier, is that there are cities that commit to the time frame and to hosting, they spend money to prepare their bids well in advance – and don’t win. They invest extensive amounts of time, money and other resources because they expect to win and want to have the honour of hosting the Olympics. But, for whatever reason, the IOC awards the Olympics to someone else. Chicago, for example, spent a rumoured $100 million dollars in their losing bid for the 2016 Olympics – in 2009. While it was a major blow to the city, not only because President Obama and his wife Michelle had become personally involved, Chicago had genuinely thought they would be the successful candidate. Instead, the 2016 Summer Olympics will be held in Rio de Janerio, Brazil, beginning on August 5th, 2016.

bidding_timeline_EN_540Richard Cashman (2002), in his study titled “Impact of the Games on Olympic host cities”, identified several factors that can lead to bidding and host cities spending more and more money as the process unfolds. In addition, some of these factors can also have an affect on a city, when and if they win the right to host.

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KIN 6300 Discussion – An Assessment of Sport Canada’s Sport Funding and Accountability Framework, 1995-2004


This past week our graduate class took a look at Sport, and more notably sport policy in Canada. One of the root articles that we looked at was an evaluation paper on Sport Canada’s Sport Funding and Accountability Framework (SFAF). I know it has the most interest name possible… In actuality though this article demonstrates the direction Sport Canada had for their funding of sports in the years of 1995- 2004, and how the SFAF was the backbone for the creation of what we know today as the Canadian Sport Policy.

The Sport Funding and Accountability Framework

The Sport Funding and Accountability Framework (SFAF) was used by Sport Canada from 1995 to 2004 to not only identify which National Sport Organization (NSO’s) were eligible but the areas, level and condition funding was going to be received. The SFAF consisted of a pilot year which was in 1995 as well as three additional phases, SFAF I (1996- 2000), SFAF II (2001 – 2004) and SFAF III (2005 -2010). “Initially SFAF criteria were heavily weighted towards elite success with less emphasis given to broader social objectives” (Havaris & Danylchuk, 2010, p. 32), however, as SFAF II began there was recognition of a shift in federal policy direction. The shift consisted of moving towards a broader conception of sport objectives and moving away from high performance sport.

Just to get you thinking what do you think has brought about this shift of direction from high performance to broader sport objectives?

The Article:

Havaris and Danylchuk’s (2010) article conducted an evaluation of Sport Canada’s SFAF model, the purpose of the article was to assess the effectiveness of Sport Canada’s SFAF from its inception to its end within four NSO’s. The effectiveness of the SFAF was evaluated within the four NSO’s funding component by examining its delivery at the national level, accountability and sport objectives that are now used in the Canadian Sport Policy.

Four major themes were developed out of the findings from the interviews and document analysis. These themes suggest preliminary implication for the way accountability is implemented and monitored in Canadian Sport.

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KIN 6300 – A Discussion on a Discussion Paper! Towards a National Recreation Agenda

So this is my first ever blog. Buckle up kiddos, here we go!

The topic of discussion is coincidently a discussion paper. Towards a National Recreation Agenda: Working Together to Foster, Healthy Flourishing, and Sustainable Individuals, Communities and EnvironmentA bit of a mouthful, but don’t let that intimidate you – it’s definitely a read that anyone and everyone can relate to in one way or another.

Firstly, what is recreation? It’s when you play sports or get sweaty doing something, right? No. As discussed in our Kin 6300 class, recreation has the good or bad rep (depending on how you look at it) of being associated with playing sports or working out. Recreation is a giant umbrella with various activities under it, that don’t always have to be physical. The definition of public recreation in Canada given in the discussion paper states “recreation includes all those activities in which an individual chooses to participate, and includes sports, physical recreation programs, artistic and creative expressions, social and intellectual activities. Recreation is a fundamental human need and right and is essential to the psychological, social and well-being of each Canadian” (National Recreation Agenda Working Group, 2013). Now that I’ve obviously made a connection to every individual in this vast country, feel free to read on.


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