Recreation and Sport Studies

Studying, Experiencing and Facilitating Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport through Wellness and Physical Activity

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Can Actively Engaged Actually Create Gender Equity in Sport?

Actively Engaged: A Policy on Sport for Women and Girls is a national policy that came into effect January 1, 2009. The main objective of this policy is to “foster sport environments—from playground to podium—where women and girls, particularly as athlete participants, coaches, technical leaders and officials, and as governance leaders are provided with: quality sport experiences; and equitable support by sport organizations” (Canadian Hertiage, 2009, p. 6). The policy aims to achieve this objective through four different policy interventions: program improvement, strategic leadership, awareness, and knowledge development. I think there are more weaknesses than strengths to this policy.


  • Includes a monitoring and evaluation section
  • Acknowledges that there are cultural barriers to participation
  • Has become part of the Sport Funding and Accountability Framework


  • Lack of integration across the sport system
    • There was no mention of collaboration with the Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity
    • The policy isn’t mentioned in or supported by the 2012 Canadian Sport Policy
  • Some language is vague and misleading
  • Lack of promotion/media attention surrounding policy’s release
  • Not enough women involved in the creation of this policy
  • Canadian sport system still prioritizes elite sport, so women and girls at the grassroots level will have a hard time seeing any benefits
  • There has been no follow up with how often it claims the policy will be evaluated

Overall, I think that this policy will not create the change it promises, and thus needs to be rewritten.


Canadian Heritage. (2009). Actively Engaged: A Policy on Sport for Women and Girls. Retrieved from

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A look at Aboriginal Sport Policy in Canada

This semester in Kin 6300, we’ve had some great discussions about many different topics within sport and recreation. However, like most university classes, all of these topics have been in respect to mainstream society. Last week, I had the assignment of choosing a topic to share with our class. I took the opportunity to put the spotlight on Aboriginal Sport in Canada. Although Aboriginals are within Canadian borders, and participate within mainstream programs/organizations, sport can sometimes be different experience.

To begin this discussion, I looked specifically at Sport Canada’s Policy on Aboriginal People’s Participation in Sport. I also looked at the book: Aboriginal Peoples & Sport in Canada (Forsyth & Giles, 2012), more specifically, the chapter by Victoria Paraschak titled – Aboriginal Peoples & Sport in Canada.

To be clear about the content in this piece, the word Aboriginal refers to individuals residing within Canada, who are First Nation, Metis or Inuit. It is helpful to note that Aboriginals are the only group in Canada to have their ethno-cultural identity defined by legislation, which is likely to be the main reason for having their own sport policy under Sport Canada; however, that is an entirely different discussion on history. In addition to that, Aboriginal youth is one of the fastest growing demographics in the country, which should reflect how important the development of Canadian Aboriginal Sport actually is.

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KIN 6300 Discussion – An Assessment of Sport Canada’s Sport Funding and Accountability Framework, 1995-2004


This past week our graduate class took a look at Sport, and more notably sport policy in Canada. One of the root articles that we looked at was an evaluation paper on Sport Canada’s Sport Funding and Accountability Framework (SFAF). I know it has the most interest name possible… In actuality though this article demonstrates the direction Sport Canada had for their funding of sports in the years of 1995- 2004, and how the SFAF was the backbone for the creation of what we know today as the Canadian Sport Policy.

The Sport Funding and Accountability Framework

The Sport Funding and Accountability Framework (SFAF) was used by Sport Canada from 1995 to 2004 to not only identify which National Sport Organization (NSO’s) were eligible but the areas, level and condition funding was going to be received. The SFAF consisted of a pilot year which was in 1995 as well as three additional phases, SFAF I (1996- 2000), SFAF II (2001 – 2004) and SFAF III (2005 -2010). “Initially SFAF criteria were heavily weighted towards elite success with less emphasis given to broader social objectives” (Havaris & Danylchuk, 2010, p. 32), however, as SFAF II began there was recognition of a shift in federal policy direction. The shift consisted of moving towards a broader conception of sport objectives and moving away from high performance sport.

Just to get you thinking what do you think has brought about this shift of direction from high performance to broader sport objectives?

The Article:

Havaris and Danylchuk’s (2010) article conducted an evaluation of Sport Canada’s SFAF model, the purpose of the article was to assess the effectiveness of Sport Canada’s SFAF from its inception to its end within four NSO’s. The effectiveness of the SFAF was evaluated within the four NSO’s funding component by examining its delivery at the national level, accountability and sport objectives that are now used in the Canadian Sport Policy.

Four major themes were developed out of the findings from the interviews and document analysis. These themes suggest preliminary implication for the way accountability is implemented and monitored in Canadian Sport.

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